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Film Script Analysis – Text and Subtext

1. TEXT is what is said (it is the outer world of the character)

a) Text is what we get from the screenwriter. Text is forms the script – it is the dialogue and the stage directions

b) Text in a script is like a map: we use it to find out where we are going – but how we get there is up to the actors and the director

2. SUBTEXT is what is thought (it is the inner world of the character)

a) People don’t always say what they’re thinking. Subtext is what your characters really think or believe – the content underneath the spoken dialogue.

b) What characters are really thinking has a great effect on how actors move and how they deliver their lines

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